Alefbeit

The Hebrew alphabet is written from right to left. So, alef is the first letter, and tav is the last. The Hebrew alphabet is also called the “Alefbeit” which is taken from the first two letters.

Hebrew Alphabet:

teit kheit zayin vav he dalet gimel beit
veit
alef
t kh z v/o/u h d g b/v silent

 

samekh nun-sofit nun mem-sofit mem lamed kaf-sofit
khaf-sofit
kaf
khaf
yod
s n n m m l k/kh k/kh y

 

tav shin
sin
reish qof tzadei-
sofit
tzadei pe-sofit
fe-sofit
pe
fe
ayin
t sh/s r q tz tz p/f p/f silent

 

Vowel Points:

Long:

qamatz tzeirei tzeirei-
yod
khirik-
yod
shuruk kholam-
vav
kholam
(a) father (e) met (ei) they (i) machine (u) true (o) roll (o) roll

Short:

patakh segol khirik qubutz
(a) father (e) met (i) machine (u) bull

Half:

sh’va khataf-patakh khataf-segol khataf-qamatz
(a) father (e) met (o) roll