If you pick up any book on Church history you’ll find that the first page or so will talk about the day of (Sha-vu-ot) [Pentecost]. Then the history jumps to the three hundreds C.E. and picks back up with Constantine. Historical documentation between the first and third centuries C.E. is scarce and what we do have is hard to piece together.
The reason why this information is so hard for the Western world to decipher is that there is a VAST difference between the Western literal mindset and the Eastern Biblical, historical, idiomatic mindset. As the age of Hellenism overtook the Judean world; the ability to understand these idiomatic teachings became increasingly harder, even among those who taught the people.
The more Hellenized the (Y’-hu-dim) [Jews] became, the more they rejected the (To-rah) [Law] in favor of a (b’rit–kha-da-sha), or New Covenant which they called the Oral Tradition. So why would I call the Oral Tradition a New Covenant? Simple, Old Covenant implies that something passed away; while a New Covenant implies that something has taken the place of the Old. Teaching that the Oral Tradition trumps the written (To-rah) does just that, it differs VERY little from Christian doctrine in this regard. The oral tradition began as a way to help the (Y’-hu-dim) not to break the commandments in the (To-rah) but quickly became a way to release the (Y’-hu-dim) of their obligation to live according to it.
In the early 300’s C.E., in his book, [Eusebius’ Ecclesiastical History], Eusebius admits twice that the Catholic religion was a newly formed religion. Eusebius also stated that the term for the followers of (Mes-si-as) [Messiah], [Chri-sti-a-nous], was being used for the first time [again, early 300’s C.E.]. However, it wasn’t until the early to mid 400’s C.E. that the Catholic religion was fully and truly an organized religion. Thus, Christianity does not have Hebraic or (Y’-hu-dit) [Jewish] roots connected to the (Iv-rit) [Hebrew] customs, culture or history of the Bible; rather Christianity is a Pagan religion with Platonic, Greek/Latin roots connected to the Greek customs, culture, history and Platonic interpretation of (Y’-hu-dit Ta-na-khit) [Jewish Biblical] and extra- (Ta-na-khit) [Biblical] writings.
Christians reading their New Testament letters today get a sense that (Y’-shu-a) [Jesus] and His (Tal-mu-dim) [disciples] stood in complete opposition to the (Sof-rim) [Scribes] and (P’-ru-shim) [Pharisees]. Somehow over the years this feeling against the (Sof-rim) and (P’-ru-shim) has grown to a complete rejection of Judaism and the Jewish people by God Himself. These letters invoke a feeling of us-against-them, but who are the, us, in these letters and who are the, them? We know that it cannot be the Christians since Christianity did not exist until the fifteen hundreds C.E. and we know it cannot be the Catholic’s because they did not exist until the four hundreds C.E., though Catholicism truly does come from events in the three hundreds C.E., such as Constantine’s reign, Eusebius’ history and Jerome’s Latin Vulgate etc.
John chapter one, verse nineteen tells us that some (Ko-ha-nim) [priests] and (L’-vi-im) [Levites] from (Y’-ru-sha-la-yim) [Jerusalem] were sent to (Yo-kha-nan) [John] the Baptist. Verse twenty four tells us that these men were (P’-rus-him). At the end of verse nineteen these men asked (Yo-kha-nan) “Who are you?” to which he responded, “I am not the (Ma-shi-akh) [Messiah].” In verse twenty-one they asked him if he was (E-li-Ya-hu) [Elijah/Elias] or “that (Na-vi) [Prophet]?” to which he responded, “No.” In verse twenty-five the (P’-ru-shim) then asked him why he baptized people if he was not one of the three [, , ] to which he responded [in verse 26], “I baptize with water, “but there stands One AMONG YOU whom you do not know.”
There is little doubt that (Yo-kha-nan) the Baptist was a member of the group that left us the Dead Sea Scrolls, he wore their clothing, lived their lifestyle and taught their doctrine. (Yo-kha-nan) was a (Y’-hu-di) [Jew] as were the (P’-ru-shim) sent to inquire of him that day. While (Yo-kha-nan) did not make a distinction between the ethnicity and thus religion of these men, he did make a distinction between his sect of Judaism and that of (Y’-shu-a’s) when he said, “AMONG YOU” showing us all that (Y’-shu-a) was in fact a (Pa-rash) [Pharisee].
Realizing that the argument was not between Christians and (Y’-hu-dim) [Jews], nor was it that all (P’-ru-shim) are bad, and all Christians good, is vital in our understanding of the underlying current of the letters written by the (Tal-mu-dim). The argument was not between good and bad, it was not even between Heaven or hell; rather, the argument was between those who preached the absolute authority of the written word, and those who argued against it. Thus we should now begin to see that, the content of the Greek, apostolic letters reveals an immense split in the (P’ru-shim) [Pharisaic] sect of Judaism.
The (P’ru-shim) in charge of the (A-dat) [Synagogues] from the time of the Macabeean revolt until the time of the mid first century C.E. eventually would travel to (Yav-neh) and in due course become the modern Jews of today.
The other sect of (P’-ru-shim) to which (Y’-shu-a) and His (Tal-mu-dim) belonged; took control of the (A-dat) [Synagogues] in the mid first century as evidenced by the letter of the (Sh’-li-khim) [Acts] in which the brother of (Y’-shu-a) [Jesus], (Ya-a-qov) [called James in the Christian Bible] gives his judgment in the (beit–din) [Jewish court], in (Y’ru-sha-la-yim) [Jerusalem].
By calculating the relatively small number of (Y’-hu-dim) of the time and the limited number that could have lived in the area; we know they were the largest and thus wealthiest sect of first century Judaism because (by their accounts) their numbers grew daily, often by the thousands. However, this sect began to tear apart VERY early on.
The (bar–Kokh-va) revolt from 132 to 135 C.E. drove an immense wedge between the two sides of this sect but the complete split did not happen until the time of Constantine. (bar–Kokh-va) claimed to be the (Ma-shi-akh) and even acquired the backing of a well known (Ra-bi) [Rabbi] by the name of (A-qi-va) who prophesied that (bar–Kokhva) was the (Ma-shi-akh). But the majority of the (Y’-hu-dim) of the time believed (Y’-shu-a) to be the (Ma-shi-akh) and refused to follow him into battle against the Romans.
The (P’-ru-shim) [Pharisaic] sect to which (Y’-shu-a) belonged began to fragment and eventually allowed converts into leadership. As the scales tipped more convert than (Y’-hu-di) born and raised; paganism began to tear this group apart at the seams. By the time Constantine won his war, this sect was in utter turmoil. Constantine would eventually send each of the scattered congregations a letter in which he subtly threatened military force if the leaders of these, mostly non-Jewish born, convert filled, assemblies refuse to separate themselves from Judaism all together. Thus, the catholic religion began to form as a replacement for (P’-ru-shim) [Pharisaic] Judaism.
No one knows what became of the Jewish sect to which (Y’-shu-a) and His (Tal-mu-dim) belonged. They fell into obscurity and at best, have existed only as a VERY small fragment to this day if at all.
Given that Catholicism and Christianity developed completely independent of Judaism, it should be no surprise that their doctrine developed with little knowledge of the Biblical language, history, customs and culture of the Jewish (Ra-bim) who wrote the apostolic letters concerning matters of the Jewish religion. In fact, from the beginning of Catholicism, their history predating Constantine is utterly made up. Christian history predating Constantine is made up as well since it came from Catholicism.
Since the Western world did not understand the idiomatic/parabolic nature of the Biblical text; the doctrine of the Church took on a VERY literal interpretation of all things Biblical. This literal approach is not only embraced, but encouraged by the Church to this day.
It wasn’t until just before and during the time of Constantine that the (Ma-shi-akh) following sect began to separate itself from its Jewish born leadership. Pagan philosophers such as Eusebius and Jerome began to establish a universal religion which would include every religion of the world (except Judaism). Eventually the pagan philosophers chose to call their organization by the Latin word which means universal. The Latin word for universal is catholic.
Problems with this new religion having any authority over the people sprang up immediately forcing these pagan leaders to invent a history that would establish their supremacy as the oracles of God. Eusebius made the first attempt in the mid to late three hundreds C.E. but in more recent times the teaching has become such that Christianity commenced on the day of (Sha-vu-ot) [Pentecost] (many attempts to force early historical writings to agree with this rhetoric continue to this day). This doctrine is largely based on an altered translation of Matthew chapter sixteen, verse eighteen.
(Y’-shu-a) did not say, “upon this rock I will build My Church.” A translator wrote that. The Greek text actually says, “upon this rock I will RESTORE My congregation.” That is to say, “I will restore the marriage covenant between God and the (Y’-hu-dim).” In the Biblical text, the Y’-hu-dim were called (ha-E-dat—Yis-ra-el) [the Congregation of Israel], which was commonly shortened to, (ha-E-dat) [the Congregation]. So (Y’-shu-a) did not intend to build something new; His intention was to RESTORE something old. However once the text was altered, it was easy to establish Catholicism/Christianity as the New Congregation.
It should be further noted that (Y’-shu-a) did not reach out to the non-Jews. Matthew chapter fifteen, verse twenty four says, “But He answered saying, “I am not sent but to the lost sheep of the house of (Yis-ra-el) [Israel].” The religion of (Y’-shu-a) and His (Tal-mu-dim) was not for the non-Jews, it was for the Y’-hu-dim.
Furthermore, according to Acts chapter fifteen, verse twenty, all converts to Judaism were to follow five basic rules while going through the conversion process. Verse twenty-one commands converts to attend the (E-dah) every (Sha-bat) [Sabbath]. This process was known in the Biblical period as being grafted into the commonwealth of (Yis-ra-el).
Acts chapter fifteen, verses twenty and twenty-one, were written idiomatically, as was the custom of the (Y’-hu-dit–Ra-bim) [Jewish Rabbis] who made the decisions concerning the conversion process of converts to Judaism.
As the Catholic religion began to take shape, there was a rush for power and control. Leaders began to emerge who had been trained in the pagan temples, and in platonic and Gnostic thought. These men relied heavily on the Latin Vulgate. As Western thought crept in, Judaism slipped away.
There is no such thing as a first century Church. Furthermore, Christianity does not have its roots in Judaism. Instead, Christianity sprang from Catholicism which was a religion created out of the desire to abandon Judaism. Thus, Christianity and its many fragmented groups such as the Mormons, Jehovah’s witnesses etc., have their origins in Paganism, not Judaism.
From the beginning, the organization, which would later be known as the Church, began a systematic process of rejecting Judaism, which would eventually include rejecting all the feasts of God in favor of somewhat re-engineered pagan feasts. Deuteronomy, chapter eight, verse ten tells us that after our meals we are to BLESS God for our good land. That is to say, we are to thank Him for His provision, but because this practice was seen as “Jewish,” the catholic followers began blessing before their meals. The (Y’-hu-dim) said, “Blessed are You, oh Lord,” so the Catholics said, “Bless US, oh Lord.” The (Y’-hu-dim) raised their hands pointing their palms and their faces toward Heaven, so the Catholics bowed their heads and pressed their palms together.
The (Y’-hu-dim), including (Y’-shu-a) and His (Tal-mu-dim), celebrated the (Sha-bat) from Friday evening at sundown until Saturday evening at sundown. Constantine ordered the celebration to be changed on Sunday, March 7, 321 C.E to “the venerable day of the sun,” i.e., the day of sun worship. This was only the beginning of what is now called replacement theology. Translators would eventually change the names of virtually every person and place in the Bible including the proper name of God.
First century followers of (Y’-shu-a) as (Ma-shi-akh) attended the (E-dah) every Saturday afternoon and would often be there until the sun went down. Once the (E-dah) let out, many of the believers in (Ma-shi-akh) would meet in their homes, but not for the sake of Bible study, they did that in the (E-dah). Instead, they met for prayer and worship in the name of (Y’-shu-a).
The idea for changing the day of worship sprang up early among the converts to Judaism. The letter to the Hebrews, chapter four, verse eight actually should have been translated as follows:
For if (Y’-shu-a) would have given them a (Sha-bat) [rest], would He not have spoken concerning another day among us?
It is obvious then that the writer of this letter was one of the twelve (Tal-mu-dim) and was clearly against the day of rest being changed, given that (Y’-shu-a) had never mentioned changing this day at any time to any of His followers.
Much Luv and Shalom,